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Spring Wildlife at Lydden Temple Ewell Reserve

Posted: Friday 19th May 2017 by KentWildlifeStaff

Lydden Temple Ewell National Nature ReserveLydden Temple Ewell National Nature Reserve

Lydden Temple Ewell is a massive reserve, home to a host of exciting and often rare species of birds, plants and insects - many of which have started emerging in these spring months.

Wart-biter cricket © Grant HazelhurstLydden Temple Ewell is an 80-hectare site situated between the villages of Lydden and Temple Ewell, outside Dover. It is a National Nature Reserve, important for its ancient chalk grassland and invertebrate communities. This also includes the flightless wart-biter cricket, an endangered cricket that is the size of your thumb, and aptly named after its medicinal use for biting off warts. Surprisingly, this practice is no longer recommended!

The wart-biter cricket is only found on five other sites in the UK and Lydden Temple Ewell is a critical stronghold for this species. Despite being situated below the A2, you can easily forget how close you are to the busy roads that head towards Dover and get lost in the steep grassland slopes, with beautiful views across the valley. 

 

Wildlife to see

Early spider orchidNow, spring has properly sprung, there will be many plants and animals to look out for over the coming months. Butterflies such as brimstones, peacock and small tortoiseshells have already been spotted flying through the large areas of grassland and basking on the bare paths. Early spider orchids will be in abundance by now. These orchids are found on the shortly grazed turfs of chalk grassland and Lydden Temple Ewell supports a population in their hundreds.

One of the major animal groups that Lydden Temple Ewell supports are the colourful butterflies. In July and August, many species can be seen at the site, ranging from the green hairstreak to the rare silver-spotted skipper, along with the famous chalkhill and adonis blue butterflies , the latter which forms our logo. Over 20 species of butterflies have been counted on the reserve. Orthopteras are another feature that can be spotted (and heard!). As well as the wart-biter, the great green bush cricket is also found here, along with a number of other bush cricket species.


Lydden Temple Ewell Butterfly Map

 

You will also start to see iconic chalk grassland plants, providing the food to support the vast number of butterflies and other invertebrates. Chalk grassland has one of the most diverse plant communities found in the UK. The plants rely on grazing and are tough and hardy, surviving in ‘desert’-like conditions, From May to August, you will see many flowers growing, such as the devil’s-bit scabious or birds-foot trefoil.

Though not part of the wildlife, large numbers of cow are situated at the site between May and December. They play an important role in grazing the grassland, creating a whole range of microhabitats from the large grass tussocks to bare patches of chalk soil that a whole range of invertebrates rely on.
 

By Karen Weeks, Lydden Temple Ewell Reserve Warden

You can help transform Lydden Temple Ewell Reserve

This year we have the chance to purchase crucial new land that will transform Lydden Temple Ewell Reserve for the future. We urgently need your support to raise £78,000 to buy an eight-acre extension; an essential part of the Lydden Temple Ewell Jigsaw.

A donation of £100 would help the Trust to buy 41 square metres of invaluable land.


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